I cannot help but notice a contradiction in Lenin’s outlining of his ideal revolutionary party–namely that Lenin simultaneously depends upon and shuns nationalism. On pages 293-95, for example, Lenin outlines the need for an “All-Russian” newspaper which will serve as a “…collective propagandist and a collective agitator, [and]…also a collective organizer.” Yet, while he views this paper as necessary to the success of a Social-Democratic movement, he also contends that “…the Social-Democratic movement is in its very essence an international movement” that combats “national chauvinism” (297). Despite this supposedly deplorable national chauvinism, Lenin also seems to enjoy the idea that the Russian proletariat would be the model for an international revolutionary proletariat and situates his narrative on the awakening of the “Russian consciousness” in the history of strikes and rebellion of 19th century Russia (298). In this way, does not Lenin’s proposed party view itself in a nationalist light? Could the party ever have said to be truly “internationally” geared? Also, what implications does this idea of “All-Russianness” have for other nationalities in the transition from the Russian empire–Ukranian, Estonian, Lithuanian, Cossack etc.?